An overview of horticultural crops with emphasis on. Amhara regional state accounts for 60%, 54% and 55% of ethiopian chickpea producers, production and area, respectively of this, north gondar zone accounts for 23%, 31% and 36% of producers, area and production, respectively. Chickpea production under residual moisture is a common practice in the central highland vertisol areas of ethiopia. Pdf on feb 9, 2020, mcebisi maphosa and others published current status of chickpea production.
India is the largest producer of this pulse contributing to around 70% of the worlds total production. Ethiopia is considered as one of the secondary centers of genetic diversity for chickpea. Innovative partnership in chickpea seed production and. Heat and micronutrient cultivation in perennial chickpea species was nominated for deletion. They are consumed as a dry pulse crop or as green vegetables. Most of the chickpea production is used for domestic consumption. High yielding and disease resistant chickpea varieties. The worlds total production of chickpeas hovers around 8.
Enhancing the productivity of livestock production in. However, in recent years there has been an increase in the interest of farmers in. In the export market chickpea constituted about 48% of the pulse export volumes. Success of chickpea production in north gondar zone of ethiopia. Across ethiopia alone, more than 14 percent more farmers are growing these improved varieties. Ilri international livestock research institute, nairobi, kenya.
Therefore, the aim of the study was to gain an understanding of the overall farming production system with a particular focus on enhancing the livestock feeding strategies employed by farmers, identify key constraints and opportunities for. Chickpea is the most important pulse crop in ethiopia. In karnataka in southwest india, the number of farmers growing improved varieties increased by more than 33 percent after the tl ii project began. During 20032004, ethiopia produced 195,800 t of chickpea from an area of 176,554 ha faostat 2004. Luke 2010 in kenya, bangladeshi, nepal and india, and ben et al. Crop water requirement determination of chickpea in the. By using simple random sampling techniques four sample kebeles were selected. The adoption of improved varieties varied considerably 6 to 66% from one district to another, mainly because of variations in the awareness of improved varieties among farmers.
Cross sectional data were collected from 182 farmer households who were chickpea producers in. The crop has been grown for multiple purposes since antiquity in the country. The united states agency for international development usaid and the university of california davis uc davis launched the feed the future innovation lab for climate resilient chickpeas housed at the ethiopian institute of agricultural research eiar. Analyses of markets and value chains for chickpea in ethiopia. Commercial types include large kabuli, small kabuli, and desi. The cultivated chickpea is not found in the wild and c. In ethiopia, smallholder farms dominate chickpeas production acreage, with low and variable yields. Over 300 households were surveyed in four chickpea growing districts of central ethiopia representing major chickpea production areas of the country. This research was aimed to study the chickpea cicer arietinum l. Groundnut, cowpea, soybean and common bean are the wet season. Regional patterns and trends alemayehu seyoum taffesse, paul dorosh and sinafikeh asrat development strategy and governance division, international food policy research institute, ethiopia strategy support program ii, ethiopia ifpriaddis ababa p.
Success of chickpea production in north gondar zone of. Adoption studies on improved chickpea varieties in ethiopia. Management options for rainfed chickpea cicer arietinum l. A wide variety of ethiopian chickpeas options are available to you, such as ad, fd. Despite of its importance, chickpea productivity is very low. A multistage sampling technique was used in order to determine the sample respondents. Africas top chickpea producer brings first industrial. Chickpea is a major pulse crop of india accounting for more than 40% of the total pulses area and production. Evidence based on analyses of value chains linking smallholders and markets. Assessment of the current situation and future outlooks for. Chickpea is the second most important legume in ethiopia, accounting for 17% and 19% of the total legume area and production respectively faostat. Other new initiatives include enhancing chickpea productivity and marketing based on the targets of the ethiopian growth and transformation plan 2 gtp2 and enhancing household consumption for nutrition and food security were discussed at a recent workshop in. Currently, more than 7 million tonnes of chickpeas are produced in more than 45 countries, and the crop is made. Ethiopia is a secondary center of diversity for chickpea.
Evaluation of ethiopian chickpea landraces for tolerance to. It is possible that these germplasm lines have developed certain degrees ofadaptation to drought during many centuries of cultivation on residual soilmoisture. Icrisat the national variety release committee nvrc announced the release of three new improved chickpea varieties with better yield, disease resistance wilt, root rot and ascochyta blight and early maturity for production inhigh altitude areas 18002800 m of ethiopia. Even in isolated rural outposts, the most popular dish among average ethiopians shiro i s a mix of blended spices and chickpea powder. Onfarm yield response of chickpea cicer arietinum l to. In ethiopia, the number of fruits and vegetables processing industries is limited. Chickpea cicer arietinum is ethiopias most important pulse crop widely grown in highland and semihighland regions of the country mainly on clay soil. Chickpeas are added to many dishes to improve their taste, e.
The indian subcontinent accounts for 70 % of world chickpea production. Chefe iccv 92318 a new kabuli chickpea variety for. Chickpea in ethiopia chickpea is one of the major pulses grown both in terms of its share of the total cropped pulse area and its role in direct human consumption. Ethiopian agribusiness targets high value markets with ethiopian chickpea and oilseeds.
Ethiopian chickpea production is predominated by desi type chickpea about 95%. Chickpea is mainly grown at an altitude of 14002300 m. Chickpea provides unique opportunity of enhancing legume production in africa as it does not compete for area with other major legumes. In both countries chickpea is key to food security, providing a vital source of protein nutrition and income. Cross sectional data were collected from 182 farmer households who were chickpea. Currently, there are only 5 fruits and vegetables processing plants in the country. Enhancing chickpea productivity and production in eastern and. It is predominantly grown in cool, dry periods on receding soil moisture. As the first chickpea producer in africa, ethiopia should be a major player in the export market. Ethiopia addis getu department of animal production and extension, faculty of veterinary medicine, university of gondar, ethiopia abstract. In ethiopia, chickpea is a very important crop for both income and nutrition. Desi type chickpeas largely dominate the ratio of production in india.
Five major cereals teff, wheat, maize, sorghum, and barley are the core of ethiopias agriculture and food economy, accounting for about threefourths of the total area cultivated, 29 percent of agricultural gross domestic product gdp in 200506 14 percent of total gdp. In ethiopia, chickpea is widely grown across the country and serves. Ethiopian farmers test new chickpea crops the guardian. About 70% of world production of chickpea comes from asia. Bringing together all actors in the chickpea value chain was a key focus for setting up a national chickpea innovation platform. United states government sponsored innovation lab to. Usaid, uc davis, and eiar collaborate on international research program to benefit farmers. Innovative partnership in chickpea seed production and technology dissemination was assessed in increasing chickpea productivity through facilitated access to quality seed. Improving productivity and market success ipms of ethiopian farmers project working paper 6. The study was designed to evaluate the benefits gained from partnership implemented for the last 10 years in chickpea technology by seed system of crop production. The importance of the crop in the ethiopian diet has also been significant. Assessment of chicken production under farmers management condition in east gojam zone, amhara regional state, ethiopia melese gashu nigatu and melkamu bezabih debre markos university, college of agriculture and natural resources, department of animal sciences, po. It is second to tef eragrostis tef in area coverage but first in productivity and total production among all cereals.
Twofold increase in varietal adoption in seven years a chickpea tale from ethiopia 18 jan 2019 adoption of improved chickpea varieties increased more than twofold in seven years, shows data from more than 600 households in ethiopia. There has been an increase of about 10% in the area and 42% in the production of chickpea during the past decade 199495 to 200304. This is about 27% of the total quantity of chickpea production. Onfarm yield response of chickpea cicer arietinum l. Ethiopia is the major chickpea producer in the region occupying about 60% of the total area. Significance and management of chickpea wiltroot rot and. Structure and functioning of chickpea markets in ethiopia. You can also choose from bulk ethiopian chickpeas, as well as from desi ethiopian chickpeas, and whether ethiopian chickpeas is common, or organic.
With higher returns, farmers will be less likely to turn to other lessvaluable crops like cereals. Pdf success of chickpea production in north gondar zone. Despite the huge importance of the crop as dietary item and land improvement, the yield and production of the crops is still blew the expected level in. Review on challenges and opportunities sheep production. Though india is both the largest producer and consumer of chickpea, yields are significantly below those in intensively managed systems. Current situation and future outlooks of the chickpea sub. Ethiopian farmers have been working with researchers from crop research institutes icrisat and eiar to test new drought and pestresistant varieties of. Onfarm yield response of chickpea cicer arietinum l to inoculation and phosphorus fertilizer application, at damote gale district in ethiopia joint panafrican grain legume and world cowpea conference avani victoria falls resort and conference center 28 february to 4 march 2016 livingstone, zambia, by. Evaluation of ethiopian chickpea landraces for tolerance.
Pdf factors determining farmers adoption of chickpea. Chickpea is grown over an area of nearly 10 million ha in the world with a production of 7. Moreover, maize plays a central role in ethiopias food security. Introduction chickpea is a less laborintensive crop and its production demands low external inputs compared to cereals. Assessment of the current situation and future outlooks. The major chickpeaproducing countries of the world table 1 are india 68%, turkey 11%, and pakistan 8%. In ethiopia chickpeas are consumed widely fresh as green vegetables, sprouted, fried roasted and boiled. Guts agro chickpea product launch event remarks by usaid. Chickpea is grown in the drier areas of the country as they are. Chickpeas are high in protein, carbohydrates and fibre. Summary april 2010 maize value chain potential in ethiopia. Even in isolated rural outposts, the most popular dish among average ethiopians shiro is a mix of blended spices and chickpea powder. Chickpea is known to have originated in western asia probably eastern turkey. The bulk of the crop variety in the country is dominated by the sweet desi type, and the kabuli type is also grown in limited areas.
The discussion was closed on 24 june 2016 with a consensus to merge. Assessment of chicken production under farmers management. In addition, ethiopia could expand its foreign market presence through increased production levels, which will lead to at least doubling of its current annual exports of about 140,000 tons. This study paper has been conducted with the major objective of investigating factors influencing adoption of improved chickpea technology package by farmers of dembia district focusing on sociocultural factors. Besides, processed fruits and vegetables are sources of foreign exchange earnings. United states government sponsored innovation lab to improve. In addition, maize is the staple crop with the greatest production at 4. When half of the 90 million ethiopians refrain from animal products two days a week, the chickpea steps in to the local diet.
Chickpea cicer arntimum is one of the major grain legumes with an inimitable sources of dietary protein in the developing world where there is very scarce animal protein or unaffordable expensive otherwise. Seed is the main edible part of the plant and is a rich source of protein, carbohydrates and minerals especially for the vegetarian population. Arid tropics icrisat, nairobi 2ethiopian institute of agricultural research eiar. It is possible that these germplasm lines have developed certain degrees ofadaptation to drought during. Chickpea production has significantly increased in the u. There is a true green revolution in the making in this country. Usaid sponsored innovation lab to improve chickpea production launched in ethiopia. New chickpea processing facility in adama ethiopia. Menale kassie1, bekele shiferaw1, solomon asfaw1, tsedeke abate1, geoffrey muricho1, setotaw ferede2, million eshete2, and kebebew assefa2. Usaid ethiopia mission director dennis weller talks about the new chickpea innovation lab will help develop and deploy higheryielding, climateresilient chickpea varieties in ethiopia. There are 105 suppliers who sells ethiopian chickpeas on, mainly located in africa.
Climate change is projected to alter the growing conditions of chickpea in this region and there would be substantial reduction in grain yield of the crop due to drought. Ethiopia is the largest producer of chickpea in africa, accounting for about 46% of the continents production during 19942006. This chickpea revolution shows how agricultural production and productivity can significantly increase. The exceptional nutritional characteristics make this crop a highquality source of protein for people in developing countries and nutraceutical food in developed ones. Faostat country wise, india is the largest producer of chickpea accounting for 66% of global chickpea production and 63% of cultivated area. Other new initiatives include enhancing chickpea productivity and marketing based on the targets of the ethiopian growth and transformation plan 2 gtp2 and enhancing household consumption for nutrition and food security were discussed at a recent. It is also the seventh largest producer worldwide and contributes about 2% to the total world chickpea production menale kassie et al. The desi type chickpea contribute to around 80% and the kabuli type around 20% of the total production. Government, to celebrate the accomplishments of guts agro industry and their new and innovative chickpea products. Chickpea is a food grain legume with a continuous increasing global demand during the past years. When half of the 90 million ethiopians refrain from animal products two days a week, the chickpea steps in to the. Enhancing chickpea productivity and production in eastern.1366 1394 437 528 1386 1103 657 423 262 868 59 1412 318 152 950 281 579 1165 1446 270 958 1508 1443 350 1140 1251 374 242 899 1234 1437 1216 551 1494 1181 585 228 289 1292 152 312 866